Gender inequality marks one of the most pervasive and persistent patterns in the distribution of power. We see evidence of this, nearly invisible and overt, everywhere. Billions of women still lack the same legal rights and equal economic opportunities as men. The COVID-19 pandemic has widened inequalities, including by decreasing male life expectancy and negatively impacted women’s career progression and financial security. Wars, famines and natural disasters have had more severe impacts on the well-being of women.